When we look at the distribution of the linden tree, we see that it grows in temperate and tropical climate conditions. The linden tree, which especially grows in the Northern Hemisphere, grows in Central America, the eastern parts of North America, Central and Eastern Europe, Turkey, the Caucasus, and Asia’s eastern regions.


According to world trade data, the USA is the leading exporter of the linden timber. The other countries that mainly export this tree are Ukraine, Croatia, Japan, and South Korea. But when we look at the import data, it can be seen that China is in the first place. The China is followed by Germany, England, Iran, and Azerbaijan.


The linden tree can live between 100 to 250 years and it can reach a height of 30 to 40 m. Its trunk diameter is generally between 1 to 1.5 m. The weight of this tree is around 350 to 450 kg/m3. There are many different subspecies of this tree and the common ones are summer linden, winter linden, silvery linden, and Caucasian linden. The linden tree is one of the mature woody trees and its sapwood has extensive and scattered pores. Indeed, its heartwood has almost the same features. Its pores are generally small and invisible to the naked eye. It has no color difference between its sapwood and the heartwood. Furthermore, the linden tree may have different colors depending on the region where it grows. It can be seen that some species of the linden are yellowish, and some species are light brown.


The linden wood does not have a good resistant to physical effect. It can be easily shaped thanks to its flexible and bendable structure. For this reason, it can be easily processed in CNC lathes, hand tools and machines. The linden wood does not cause difficulties in nailing and screwing operations. But you should handle very carefully during these operations since it tends to split easily. When it is glued, it gives good results. However, it may create difficulties in polishing and varnishing operations.

areas of use

Generally, the linden wood is cherished by the artists work with the art of carving. This wood is also important in joinery. Finally, it is common to use in plywood, shoe mold, musical instruments, paper pulp, pencil, medical charcoal, cosmetics, landscaping, household goods, etc.