Fir is a subspecies of the pine family and has 55 different species in the world. However, the fir can easily distinguish from these species thanks to its needle-like leaves. This tree can be easily found in North and Central America, Europe and the cool high-altitude regions of Asia.


The main producers of Fir wood are Russia, Ukraine, Turkey, Romania and Germany. In addition, Iran, India, Egypt and Pakistan are among the primary buyers of this tree. Thanks to its wide distribution, the fir takes its place in the inventory of almost every country.



The length of the fir tree can reach 30 m in height and the trunk diameter can reach up to 100 cm. The average life of the fir can be extended to 200 years based on the environmental conditions. The wet weight of the tree may vary between 700 and 740 kg/m³, but its dry weight is generally between 420 and 460 kg/m³. Moreover, its sapwood has 5-10 cm wideness and it’s typically yellowish or reddish white. The heartwood, on the other hand, darkens gradually from reddish yellow to brownish red. Discoloration may occur when the wood is dried in the open air, but for the kiln drying, the temperature should be low.


The fir can be similar to Spruce in terms of processing properties. That’s why the wood of the fir is generally easy to process. In addition, it has good nailing and screwing properties thanks to its light and soft structure. It can be easily processed on CNC lathes, hand tools and machines. Its fiber structure makes the fir more remarkable. It is an important tree species for every sector with its wood quality. Consequently, the fir wood retains its shape even after years.

areas of use

The fir wood is generally used in carpentry, joinery and door construction. Especially American doors are made from the fir wood. In addition, the fir wood has been used for many years without any problems, even in humid soils and hot weather changes.